Students often get tired of writing their dissertation due to the topic they do not like, the scope of the topic is inappropriate. With the Literature Review methods I applied to write my essay, you will reduce the pressure of writing the dissertation significantly.
Literature Review is an important step that students must take after outlining research questions and hypotheses. Let’s find out how to write a Literature Review below.
1. What is a Literature Review?
Literature Review is to identify, synthesize, and evaluate scientific research around a specific research problem or question. It includes a critical analysis of the relationship between the different research results and links those findings to your study.
Literature review can be in the form of an independent research paper, the preamble to a scientific paper, or a chapter in the dissertation/thesis providing the theoretical framework / theoretical basis for research.
2. Purpose of Literature Review
The Literature Review aims to help students demonstrate their understanding in the field of research. It also plays an important role in the following issues:
- Analyze and find new research questions
- Link theory with research practice, providing basic concepts
- Increased understanding of different approaches has been applied to this research issue
- Avoid inefficient research methods and approaches
- Proposing recommendations and research directions for the future
- Point out evidence, conflicting issues
The most famous, most cited articles which are from the largest authors, are mostly Literature Synthesis or Literature Review, especially in economic and social sciences.
In business, if the customer is the most important, marketing tools are all just from customer needs and customer satisfaction. In science, all empirical research also comes from Literature and contributes to Literature.
That said, to see the importance of Literature Review and the need to change the way of writing Literature Review to suit scientific requirements. From there, the topics of the students will be more valuable, contribute more to major projects of teachers, and published in prestigious international magazines.
3. What types of Literature Review are there?
There are two theoretical studies: narrative and systematic. An explanatory paper may be the basis for systematic research and vice versa. This information will help you understand more about them and “write my essay” better.
3.1 Narrative literature review
- Analyze and summarize thoroughly and thoroughly
- Not following a clear, specific procedure (non-explicit protocol)
- The studies chosen for analysis are those that support the author’s proposals (but are still objective and balanced).
- Qualitatively evaluate the strengths and strengths of each study
- In the absence of data, the author can make recommendations based on his or her own opinions and experience – and the persuasion of these personal recommendations depends on the strength of the underlying facts that the author uses in (underlying evidence)
3.2 Systematic literature review
- Use evidence from empirical evidence
- There is an explicit protocol
- There are specific selection and exclusion criteria (inclusion/exclusion criteria)
- Data from individual studies can be aggregated into a meta-analysis.
- Usually includes quantitative studies
- In the absence of data, the author proposes future research directions to fill the research gap
4. Guidelines on how to write the best Literature Review
4.1. Identify problems, the scope of research (Scoping)
In this first step, you need to determine what questions your literature review will answer. You also need to have criteria to select scientific articles to add in the literature review section and remove less relevant articles. To filter quality articles, you need to focus on reading the abstract, introduction, and conclusion of each article. That is my tips when I find references to write my essay.
You should note that the questions for the literature review and dissertation research questions are different. For example, the literature review question is, “What previous studies conclude what factors affect the capital structure of the business?”. The main question of the thesis should be “For pharmaceutical companies in the UK, are these factors currently important for capital structure?”
Therefore, doing literature reviews will only help you find part of solution, based on secondary research. To answer the entire research question when you “write my essay”, you need to do more primary research.
Depending on the purpose of the thesis, you need to ask different literature review research questions. For example, if the thesis goal focuses on “results”, then the question should be asked, “How do previous scientific reports show how factors X and Y affect outcome Z?”.
If the thesis goal is “theory”, then the literature review needs to answer the question “What major theories have been used to explain the X phenomenon?”
Specific criteria for selecting scientific papers include:
– Articles must be written in English, published in famous scientific journals.
– Articles must use quantitative research as the main method.
– Articles must be published within the last 5 years. However, there are older papers that provide important groundwork for research that needs to be addressed.
– The data used for the research papers must not be duplicated.
– The paper must publish quantitative data such as sample mean and sample variance. Or the article must publish enough raw data to calculate the average denominator and variance.
The criteria for selecting scientific papers must be clear and comprehensive so that you can select the most suitable for your research.
In this step, you need to separate the research question into sub concepts to form the anchor articles on the selected topic. Anchor articles are typical research articles in the field you are interested in. Then, you can see the “References” of these articles to locate the next articles to read. That is an effective tip for me to choose reference when I write my essay.
There are 3 ways to help you do this:
– Firstly, ask an advisor, or an expert in the field you are interested in.
– Secondly, search online library. Big universities often buy the copyrights of many research journals, so the data is plentiful and free for students. Example Seoul National University Library: http://library.snu.ac.kr
– The third is to search on Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.co.kr
Note: when you use online searching: Must choose suitable search keywords, so try many different keywords. For example academic research performance, university professor’s research performance, teacher research performance, etc.
This search process also helps you narrow the research topic to a more specific level. For example, if you are interested in “university professor research performance,” in the search process you can narrow down your searching. For example, how factor A affects university professor research performance.
Download or print all articles (about 20 articles). Most articles can be accessed online. Name a new folder like “Literature Review”.
If you can’t access the entire article, at least save the abstract for each article. The abstract section usually presents the methodology and the main findings of that article.
4.3. Evaluate and filter data
Once you have the list of articles to read, the next thing is to organize those articles before taking notes.
– Use document management software if the number of critical documents is large (ie. RefWorks, Endnote, Mendeley, …)
– Read the Title or Summary of all results from the above procedure; If the inclusion and exclusion criteria are met, then take the full text to read
– Read full-text, focusing on Methods and Results rather than Introduction and Conclusion. Continue to collate with inclusion and exclusion criteria during reading to reduce inappropriate articles
– In this step, focus on specificity.
– Note down the number of discarded items and reasons
– Overall assessment of the quality of the article (paying attention to the method)
4.4. Data presentation
– Summarize by listing or mapping the references along with their research results (for example, in tabular form)
– Summary and evaluation, criticism
– There are 3 forms of synthesis:
- Statistical: Meta-analysis (meta-analysis)
- Narrative: summary in writing: sorted by subject, type of study, etc.
- By concept: grouping the concepts of different studies into a group for analysis
– Possible analysis issues:
- Theoretical background
- research design
- Sampling method
- Data analysis strategy
- Analyze the results
- Summarize and evaluate the research findings to arrive at a clear conclusion about the available evidence
5. Common mistakes when writing Literature Review
– Unclear introduction – don’t wait until the end to write your main ideas
– Incomplete coverage of existing documents
– Lack of integration (integration)
– Lack of critical appraisal – getting into errors and weaknesses of facts / evidence
– Do not adjust conclusions after critical reviews
– The claims and evidence are vague and unclear
– Only critique the evidence selectively
6. Instructions on how to present Literature Review
Below are some tips for you to present Literature Review when you “write my essay”.
Literature Review 3 levels:
6.1. Parent Theory (Theory Base) – Theoretical background
Is the theoretical foundation to lead to the problem that needs research. The selected fundamental theory presented must have a direct relationship and cover the problem to be studied. These are the concepts and areas we are learning in the subjects in the lecture hall. The reason why LR must begin with this section is to redefine the field of its research service.
6.2. Research Problem Theory – Direct theory
Is the central theoretical part related to the problem to be studied? Unlike the previous section, this section requires a presentation combined with arguments. The theory here is that previous studies in the same field, the models used, different research results. The result of this section is to identify the “research gap” and to select the “theoretical framework” (model) used in the article.
Example: A study of Customer Satisfaction needs to restate the “gaps” in the SERVQUAL model, the applicability of the model and why this model is suitable for the current topic. Indeed, if done so, this is a very difficult part for us. Because there is no chance to read and review many articles. However, at least you can show why this model is right for your post.
6.3. Research Issues (Your Study) – Building problems, models, and hypotheses
After identifying the “research gap” and choosing “theoretical framework” for the topic from the arguments in the previous section. This section is used to restate my “theoretical framework” (model) with all the definitions of elements, research questions and hypotheses used for testing. This is exactly what you have to do and are doing well in the current thesis.
Common Literature Review presentation errors:
– Focus on the model and define the factors: give the model, present the definition of the elements without being able to say why choosing this model, the suitability for the topic.
– Focus on the research context: present some data that shows that this industry is important, growing, this company is important, having difficulties, and cannot say theoretical background.
Above are some tips I give you to “write my essay” effectively and get the better results.